Republicans this week will get a chance to present their own budget for the president’s signature for the first time since 2005.
With control of both the House and Senate, the GOP aims to balance the budget by cutting federal spending as well as challenge some of President Barack Obama’s legislation, including rolling back parts of the Affordable Care Act.
If Republicans in the House and Senate are able to agree on a budget, they can use a process known as reconciliation to leave Democrats out of the picture. Bills typically require a 60-vote majority in the Senate, but Republicans hold only 54 seats, making reconciliation a vital strategy since reconciliation requires only a 51-vote majority.
House Budget Committee Chairman Tom Price of Georgia and Senate Budget Committee Chairman Mike Enzi of Wyoming are expected to announce separate bills this week, then will be charged with hammering out an agreement.
If the GOP can’t come to terms, however, reconciliation would be out the window, and Republicans would need their Democrat counterparts to help pass a budget.